Historical constants are composite values concealing the finer structure of natural units and operators. The elementary form of the constants shows how natural quantities of length, mass, and time play a central role in determining the quantities of physical phenomena.

The New Foundation Model replaces historical constants with natural units of length, mass, and time–and in some cases, with proportionality operators like the rest mass and charge operators. The historical constants are naturally absorbed into this framework and explained in terms of a simple and comprehensive model.

The following constants are stated in elementary and simple forms.

**Coulomb constant**

**1.087 723 x 10 ^{61}**

*kgm*

^{3}s^{-4}elementary

simple

**Planck voltage**

**3.628 253 x 10 ^{52}**

*kgm*

^{2}s^{-3}elementary

simple

**Planck current**

**1** *dimensionless*

elementary

**Planck conductance**

**2.756 147 x 10 ^{-53}**

*s*

^{3}kg^{-1}m^{-2}elementary

simple

**Planck impedance**

**3.628 253 x 10 ^{52}**

*kgm*

^{2}s^{-3}elementary

simple

** Planck inductance**

**1.956 081 x 10 ^{9}**

*kgm*

^{2}s^{-2}elementary

simple

**Planck magnetic inductance**

**7.488 021 x 10 ^{78}**

*kgs*

^{-2}elementary

**Planck conductance**

**1.087 723 x 10 ^{61}**

*kgm*

^{3}s^{-4}elementary

simple

**Planck capacitance**

**1.485 907 x 10 ^{-96}**

*s*

^{4}kg^{-1}m^{-2}elementary

simple

**von Klitzing constant**

**3.124 008 x 10 ^{55}**

*kgm*

^{2}s^{-3}elementary

simple

**Josephson constant**

**1.390 100 x 10 ^{-11}**

*s*

^{2}kg^{-1}m^{-2}elementary

simple

**Magnetic flux constant**

**7.193 730 x 10 ^{10}**

*kgm*

^{2}s^{-2}elementary

simple

**Conductance quantum**

**6.402 033 x 10 ^{-56}**

*s*

^{3}kg^{-1}m^{-2}elementary

simple

**Bohr magneton**

**2.665 808 x 10 ^{-49}**

*m*

^{2}elementary